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IMPLICATIONS OF LONG-LASTING INSECTICIDE-TREATED BED NETS (LLINs) FOR MALARIA CONTROL AND PREVENTION IN SOMALIA

  • A. S. Omar Senior WASH Strategic Policy Advisor, Ministry of Energy and Water Resources, Federal Government of Somalia
  • B. Son Business and Sustainable Management, Anaheim University, Anaheim, CA, USA
  • F. Wambalaba United States International University, Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
Keywords: Malaria Control, Malaria Prevention, Somalia, Long-lasting Insecticidal Nets

Abstract

In Sub-Saharan Africa, bed nets are mainly aimed at the prevention of the nuisance of mosquito biting rather than against malaria.  The species that are involved in malaria infection are all present in Somalia with the leading one being Plasmodium falciparum that causes about 98% of all infections in the country. This alarming spread of malaria underscores the need to develop interventions that can effectively curb the malaria menace. This study sought to examine the implications of the utilization of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets (LLINs) for malaria control and prevention. The population constituted 1,100 pregnant women attending MCH clinics and the two thousand two hundred heads of households, totalling three thousand three hundred. A simple random sampling technique was used to obtain a representative sample of households. In surveying 110 pregnant women attending Maternal Child Health (MCH) clinics and 220 heads of households in the Belet Hawo district in Somalia in 2019, the study found that the majority of households knew the effect of LLINs on preventing malaria. They were also knowledgeable about how to control malaria while facing limited access to LLINs. Furthermore, LLIN usage helped households to raise awareness and knowledge about the effect of LLINs on preventing malaria. This study provided the Somalian government with a better understanding of the causes, control, and prevention of malaria.

Published
2021-09-21
How to Cite
Omar, A. S., Son, B., & Wambalaba, F. (2021). IMPLICATIONS OF LONG-LASTING INSECTICIDE-TREATED BED NETS (LLINs) FOR MALARIA CONTROL AND PREVENTION IN SOMALIA. African Journal of Health, Safety and Environment, 2(2), 82-90. https://doi.org/10.52417/ajhse.v2i2.146